Where Technology Meets Agriculture


Innovations in technology continually feed into the agricultural field and have allowed humans to transform from subsistence farmers to commercial farmers.

The history of agriculture dates back to 10,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent of Mesopotamia. Humans began to transition from hunter-gatherers to settlers who began growing mixed cereals such as barley and wheat which would be used for food.

Fast-forward past the systemization of agricultural processes such as the Mayan, Roman and Chinese Empires, major advances occurred in the Middle Ages and the Industrial Revolution. These eras resulted in the development of sophisticated irrigation, food refrigeration, plant fertilizers and pesticides

Agriculture always enjoys the benefits of technology. Important technology such as GPS systems, harvesting combines, moisture sensors makes the farming process as efficient and cheap as possible.

5 Ancient Farming Tools Before The Introduction Of Technology

Tools used for agriculture have evolved over time as well. From the American Plow to the Finger-Weeder to the Dutch hoe, these various tools were created in different eras to satisfy differing needs. Some of these ancient agricultural tools include;

1. Axe:

Image source: SlideShare

This rock-and-wood tool used for cutting wood and later in the Middle Ages was introduced as a weapon. With the discovery of metals, this tool has changed to have a smooth metal replacing the rock.

  1. Plough:

Image source: SlideShare

This tool which was inspired by the digging stick was simply a tree branch which was pulled by oxen, used during plantation. This tool has evolved to become a small tractor with a machine-like plough to replace the tree branch.

3. Digging Stick:

Image source: SlideShare

This very simple tool was used to loosen the soil and harvest plants. It’s popularity was surpassed by that of the plough which was more automated and required less physical labour.

4. Hoe:

Image source: SlideShare

Unlike most “beginner” tools, the hoe has remained quite similar throughout the years. It’s main objective is to move soil but it is still versatile.

5. Sickle:

Image source: SlideShare

Best known for its curved blade, sickles are used for harvesting grain crops and cutting grass. The sickle has become quite obsolete but it is still used where access to lawn mowers or combines are not available.

5 Modern Agricultural Technologies & Their Uses

As older tools revolutionized farming in their respective eras, newer tools have transformed modern agriculture with the introduction of technology. These innovative advancements include:

1.Vertical Farming

Image source:The Conversation

This is a new practice of food production in vertical structures such as high-rise buildings. This alternative focuses on takes advantage of multiple layer farms. As a result, more space is utilized compared to a conventional one storey field farms.

2.Mobile Applications & Digital Tools

Image source: KISSpng

Digital tools such as Farmcrowdy can connect farmers and prospective sponsors with ease and guarantee of profit. Other platforms can predict weather conditions while others can use recorded data to create predictive models. Farmers can use these to predict profit, time of harvest and most importantly yield.

3. Drones

Image source: GreenPlanet

Drones are often used for soil analysis and crop monitoring. They can also be used for planting and irrigation as well. They are used for precise analyses of plants and can be used to reduce plant production costs

4.Genetic Editing

Image source: Executive-Car

Genetic modification of plants can improve the quality and productivity of crops. For example, apples can be genetically edited to have better color, to last longer after harvest, to be more scented etc. These changes can command higher selling price of crops due to higher quality.

5. Aeroponic Farming

Image source:Youtube

A very new and efficiency-driven idea grows plants without soil and with very little water. It reduces irrigation by about 90% because water used is mixed with nutrients and is recycled. While it may diminish plant production it is still quite expensive due to constant need for electricity and equipment to water these plants. However this closed system is energy and cost efficient when it is properly executed.

Evidently, technology is always revolutionising farming tools and methods. As we enter an era of exponential growth in technology, we can expect to see farming and agriculture become increasingly efficient and environmentally friendly.

Have you got anymore important agricultural tech innovation or know important ancient farming tools we missed, please feel free to share in the comments below.:smiley:

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