Rice farming in Nigeria - 10 tips to start it (part 2)

6. Choose proper rice seeds


The healthier rice seeds you get, the better yield you achieve from its further selling. You should choose an improved variety of rice according to your cultivation environment. If you are about to start your rice farming business in Nigeria, then you need your money not spent in vain. The first harvest can show your future potential in the business. Try to buy seeds from a company licensed by The National Agricultural Seeds Council.

If you chose high-quality seeds you might get other bonuses, like:

  • Decrease weed problems.
  • Improve yield by 10-20%.
  • Increase rice resistance to pest attacks and diseases.
  • Improve germination by more than 50%.
  • Produce consistent rice seeds size.

7. Methods of planting


You may choose from two variants of rice planting. You can either practice direct seeding or use the nursery then transplant it to the farm.

  • If you have chosen direct seeding, then you can perform this process by dibbing or broadcasting. Start the farming process by dividing your land by the field spots of 50-100 square meter each and construct small bunds. The seeding rate for dibbling is 60 kg/ha, for broadcasting is 80 kg/ha. The major problem for this method is weeds. Use herbicides to illuminate them.
  • Nursery Rising requires you to put seeds placed in gunny bags into the water for 24 hours. After soaking – put the gunny bags into shades. Sprinkle water over seeds and turn bags from side to side at least three times a day. After 36-48 hours, the seeds sprout. The seeds are ready for nursery field. Construct drainage canals for proper water removal. Also, apply fertilizers if necessary. After 21 days in the nursing, you can place the seeds into the field.

8. Weed and Pest control


Weed control is essential for rice cultivation in Nigeria. You should apply the first weeding within 2-3 weeks after appearance, use a cutlass for that. The second weeding is needed to be done within 6-7 weeks after the appearance.

The most problems for rice cultivating come from armyworms, termites, rodent and birds.

  • Birds can be easily removed manually if you hire people to scare them 6 am to 7 pm. You can also try to place a scarecrow in the field.
  • For rodent control, you can place snap traps in the field.
  • Termites can be killed by spraying Nogos 50 combining with water at the rate of 30 ml per one gallon.
  • Armyworms can be killed with Carbaryl or Gammalin 20 mixed with water at the rate of 1.7 kg in 230 liters per one hectare.

9. Harvest and after harvest process


Remember that the best time for rice planting is in mid-March to mid-April. The rice plants are ready for harvesting after three-four months of planting. Your rice is ready for harvesting when the plant changes its color from green to brown. After the harvest, the rice should go through certain processes before ready for final consumption.

  • Sun Dry the Rice – you need to dry the rice seeds, so you could easily separate the hull from the grain. Try to place rice open to the sun and keep it sundry for three-four days until dry up the moisture.
  • Hulling – it`s a process of separating the hull from grains. You need a blowing or hulling machine to make the process easier.
  • Parboiling. This process is required before packaging the rice so that it would be ready for distribution.
  • Packaging . You can package the rice into your exquisite branded sacks, or you can also ask your contractor to brand the rice. The branded sacks should contain the name, location, your farm address and mobile number, so your customers could contact you.

Remember that the best time for rice planting is in mid-March to mid-April. The rice plants are ready for harvesting after three-four months of planting. Your rice is ready for harvesting when the plant changes its color from green to brown. After the harvest, the rice should go through certain processes before ready for final consumption.

  • Sun Dry the Rice – you need to dry the rice seeds, so you could easily separate the hull from the grain. Try to place rice open to the sun and keep it sundry for three-four days until dry up the moisture.
  • Hulling – it`s a process of separating the hull from grains. You need a blowing or hulling machine to make the process easier.
  • Parboiling. This process is required before packaging the rice so that it would be ready for distribution.
  • Packaging . You can package the rice into your exquisite branded sacks, or you can also ask your contractor to brand the rice. The branded sacks should contain the name, location, your farm address and mobile number, so your customers could contact you.

10. Selling the rice


Even before you start rice farming in Nigeria – you need to think about buyers. Before you even start, you may need a list of few buyers who would like your rice ready.

You can also contact them when your rice is ready for distribution. Do not hesitate to contract local restaurants and fast-food chains about your rice supply.

Benefits and challenges of rice farming business in Nigeria


Benefits

  • The high demand for the rice. Every household in Nigeria consumes rice and the demand for this product will only grow up high!
  • Yields early. Many crops need from six months to one year to be ready for harvest. At the same time, rice needs only four-five months to be ready.
  • High yield. You can expect at least 100 bags of rice from an acre of land.
  • You do not need to be an expert in the rice farming in Nigeria to start this business.
  • High return on investments and market stability.

Challenges

  • Getting the right variety. If you are a new in the rice farming business in Nigeria, then you need to get your attention on the right variety of rice, or you can lose your venture.
  • Disease. Rice farming in Nigeria can include potential diseases for your rice. Consult experts to illuminate the basis for the diseases.
  • Birds. The greatest threat to every crops business in Nigeria!
  • Importation of rice. Foreign rice is cheaper than local, so you might need to work harder so people would buy your rice.

If you had enough resources, would you start rice farming in Nigeria?
Source:Legit.ng