Post-harvest Technologies

Post-harvest technologies constitute inter-disciplinary science and techniques applied to agricultural commodities after harvest for the purpose of preservation, conservation, quality control/enhancement, processing, packaging, storage, distribution, marketing, and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirement of consumers in relation to their needs.

Post-harvest handling is the stage of crop production immediately following harvest, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing. The instant a crop is removed from the ground, or separated from its parent plant, it begins to deteriorate. Post-harvest treatment largely determines final quality, whether a crop is sold for fresh consumption, or used as an ingredient in a processed food product.

Importance of post harvest technology

  • It has to develop in relation with needs of each society to stimulate agriculture production, prevent post harvest losses, Improve nutritional and add value of production.
  • To this process, It must be able to generate employment reduce poverty & stimulate growth of other selected economic sector.
  • The Process of developing of post harvest technology and its purposeful use need on inter disciplinary and most multidimensional approach which must include scientific creativity, technology innovation and institutional capable of interdisciplinary research.
  • The fruit & vegetable processing industry in India is highly decliners having wide capability the deserve Agro-climateric zone make it possible to grow almost all varieties of fresh fruit & green vegetables in India

Apples that taste juicy all year round. Cut flowers that stay fresh in the vase for two weeks. Avocados that ripen just when you want to eat them. Suppliers of fruit, vegetables and cut flowers aim to offer year round, top quality fresh produce. Wageningen Food & Biobased Research develops advanced post-harvest technologies that allow partners, throughout the fresh-produce supply chain, to guarantee optimum quality and extended shelf-life.

Controlling quality and shelf-life

At what temperature should roses be transported? How do I prevent pears becoming too soft? And what should I do to get avocados into the store at the moment they are ripe enough to be consumed? Suppliers of fruit, vegetables and cut flowers aim to deliver top quality products throughout the year: fresh, with an appropriate shelf-life, delicious and healthy and, preferably, grown sustainably. A challenging task because of the factors of seasonality, globally-based growers, and long transportation and storage times.

Research develops practical, applicable post-harvest technologies that allow partners throughout the fresh-produce supply chain to control the quality and shelf-life of their products. This enables them to meet consumer demands and establish significant cost and sustainability benefits in the chain. Benefits such as year-round availability, waste reduction, reduced power consumption and reduced use of preservatives. With an intelligently-applied heat shock, for example, you can kill unwanted insects, eliminating the need for hazardous gases.

Clever post-harvest strategies

Research combines knowledge of plant physiology and technology for optimal maintenance of quality following harvest. Our expertise ranges from ageing and decay to maturity, taste and flower development. We work with various models and biomarkers for [predicting quality. We also have expertise in the areas of temperature management, moisture control, DCS-storage technology, Controlled Atmosphere, (Modified Atmosphere) packaging, transport technology, energy management and cold store design. Our approach is multidisciplinary and focusses primarily on solving supply-chain problems. Our work employs the latest scientific insights. Except for carrying out research and innovation projects, companies can hire us for consultancy, process management and in-house training in the area of post-harvest technology.

Interactive post-harvest treatment

Research has developed an interactive approach to the post-harvest storage of fresh produce, matching the Controlled Atmosphere conditions carefully to the storage process. For fruit, this process is monitored by measuring ethanol production. This innovative approach extends product shelf-life by three months and ensures higher quality. Other project examples include quality monitoring throughout the chain and sea transport of cut flowers.

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