The king of fruit; mango is delicious fruit having a wonderful flavor and charming fragrance. Apart from this, mangoes are loaded with high vitamin A and vitamin C because of which, have the great market demand all the year around. So, friends, growing mango tree is a good idea to start a new tree farming business plan. Because Mango trees are hardy in nature & need relatively low maintenance than other fruit tree farming like the[ Pomegranate Farming ] or [ Dragon Fruit Farming ]etc.
Scientifically, mango is known as Mangifera indica, a kind of flowering plant & tastefully fruits.
So, let us learn Mango Farming/Cultivation.
Basically, mangoes were developed in South Asia about thousands of years ago. Which spread slowly to Asia & become popular in very short time. With advance mango farming techniques, one can change mango farming into most profitable fruit trees to grow. Just used the proper mango cultivation methods along with ultra-high density mango plantation in your mango farm.
Mangoes can be used at any stage of its growth like you can use mangos for preparing pickles, juices, chutney, etc, when are immature or not ripen. And after ripening of mango fruits, they can be used in preparing numbers of a product like jams, jellies, syrups, squashes, nectar, etc. So, there is no waste of your produce mangoes. Even the Mango kernel is also utilized for making soap as it contains about 10 % of quality fat.
Benefits of Mango
Mangoes; founds in every corner of the world are not only tasty & delicious but also contains a high nutritious value. Consumption of it, keep us away from many diseases.
However, below is a list of some health benefits of eating mango, Learn all uses of mango fruit.
- Regular use of mango helps in maintaining the blood pressure, the common problem of the diabetic patient.
- Mango fruit does not contain any cholesterol content. So, the regular use of this delicious food will helps in reducing the growing cholesterol in our body.
- It also prevents from many diseases like cancer.
- Are mangoes good for losing weight? No, regular use of mango fruit is helpful in gaining weight as mango tree are fat-free.
- The enzymes present in the mango easily digest our food, as well as keep away from the problem of gas.
- Blood deficiency can be removed by consuming mangoes regularly as mangoes are the best source of Iron.
- Mangoes are anti-aging. So, long time consumption of it keeps our old age away from us.
- The benefit of eating mango at night is that it enhances the eye health & eyesight.
Eating mangoes before half an hour of the work session is supposed to be the best time to eat mango because mango is energetic fruit & feels you happy and Healthy. Try it!!
Local Name of Mango
Here below is a list of some local names of mango.
- Aam (Hindi, India)
- 芒果, mángguǒ (Chinese)
- Aanp (Nepali)
- манго (Russian)
- Ambā, අඹ (Sinhalese, Sri Lanka)
- Mango (Turkish)
- xoài (Vietnamese)
- Anbe (Persian)
- Svoaix’ar (Taiwanese)
- マンゴー (Japanese)
- Amro (Mongolian)
- Svaay (Cambodian)
- 망고 (Korean)
- Mamuang (Thai)
- Paho (Filipino)
- مانجو (Arabic)
- 芒果 (Mandarin)
- Mangga (Malay)
- કેરી (Gujarati)
- Mamidi Pandu (Telugu)
Mango | Varieties
In according to the climatic conditions, lots of mangoes type are present in the world. All these were prepared for high-yielding mango fruit production. Just follow ultra high-density mango plantation & earn millions from it.
Below is a list top 10 hybrid mango varieties which are the sweetest mango in the world.
- ALPHONSO (Gujarat, Maharashtra & other Western parts of India)
- VALENCIA PRIDE (South Florida)
- BADAMI (India)
- CHAUNSA (Punjab, Pakistan)
- NAM DOK MAI or GOLDEN MANGO (Thailand)
- GLENN (Florida)
- SINDHRI (Pakistan, Sindh area)
- MADAME FRANCIQUE or DESERT MANGO (Haiti)
- KESAR (Gujarat & other Indian States)
- KEITT (Found in Miami)
All these above mentioned are the best mango in the world. See all types of mango with pictures.
However, below is a list of some common & most cultivated hybrid mango varieties in India, which are exquisite in various climates.
- Kishan Bhog
- Dussehri (Malihabadi)
Find which is suitable to your climatic conditions to start mango cultivation.
Climate Condition For Mango Farming
As mango trees are vigorous in nature & require less maintenance than other commercial fruit tree farming business. So, mango cultivation can be done anywhere, where there is not much humidity in the atmosphere along with good rainfall & dry atmosphere. However, at the time of flowering, low temp. is essential like winter or monsoon.
However, hot & temperate climatic conditions are the habitat of the mango tree . However, temp. ranging between 24 to 30 ‘C is considered as the best suitable for mango cultivation for getting more fruit production.
As mango trees are large in size, so high-speed winds can ruin your mango cultivation. So, it is better to stay away from those areas where winds and cyclones keep coming. They can lead to loss of flower & mango fruits in your mango farm . Sometimes, heavy winds break the branches badly.
Take care that mango farming can be done over a wide range of soil, but it is beneficial if mangoes are cultivated in the more salty, alkaline, rocky, and water-filled land. So, mango cultivation in such type of land should be avoided for profitable tree farming business.
How to Protect Mango Tree From Frost
Friends! for growing mango tree, you can choose any place as are hardy in nature. But, take care that after their establishment in the field, the mango trees are more sensitive to the cold atmosphere, usually in winter. A mango tree can survive up to some low temp. (around 10 ‘C). So, avoid growing mangoes in such climatic conditions. And if you have cultivated them in such conditions, develop a warm atmosphere in your mango farm to prevent the damage of small branches and also the foliage.
For commercial mango farming, mangoes are mainly propagated by the grafting method like veneer grafting, epicotyl grafting, arching grafting etc. Good quality of mango trees can be prepared in less time by the Vinier and Softwood Grafting. It is suggested to learn the complete grafting techniques & then follow it if you’re the new one in this. It will be more beneficial to you.
However, mangoes also can be propagated with the help of seed.
Mango Grafting Season
Planting mango should be done in the beginning of the rainy season (Monsoon season) because the risk of plant death is comparatively low in the rainy season. Rainwater helps the plant to fix faster. But, the best time for planting mango plant is from the month of July to August.
Planting of mango plant in the irrigation region should be done from the Feb. to March. Take while cultivating mangoes in the massive rainfall Zones. In such type of area, planting should be carried out at the end of rainy season.
The spacing varies from 10 X 10 M to 13 X 13 M. In dry areas, the spacing should be 10 X 10 M because of less growth. While in heavy rainfall area & fertile soil, the spacing should be 13 X 13 M because of higher physical growth.
If your soil is infertile, then it should be supplemented at the time of planting onwards. For this, prepare a suitable pit. Then add about 25 kg of farmyard manure along with 3 kg of Super Phosphate & one kg of Potash.
However, the row spacing (about 10 m) along with tree spacing (around 5 m) is supposed to be the best mango tree plantation distance. With the help of this, you will be able to plant around 70 mango plants per acre, which is considered as avg mango plantation per acre.
Besides this, one can also go for ultra high-density mango plantation for more fruit production.
Irrigation in Mango Farming
Mango trees are vigorous in nature, so needs less water than other commercial fruit tree farming like BANANA FARMING. So, your mango farm should be irrigated at an interval of two to three days, in the first year of your mango farming business . But, when they start to bear fruit, at this stage, about two irrigation is essential.
Also, give water to those fruits bearing plant at an interval of 10 to 15 days. And stop irrigation after their full growth. Take care during the flowering stage. At this stage, stop giving them water. If irrigation does not stop, it may lead to bad quality mango fruit production.
How much water does a mango tree need? It depends on the type of soil, on which you are growing mango along with the growth of your mango tree. Give frequent water to your mango tree, after the plantation, at the time of flowering & fruit bearing stage.
Application of Manure and Fertilizer in Mango Farming
Your soil should be rich in some essential organic matter like Nitrogen, Potash, Phosphorous, Boron etc to prevent your fruit farm from some of the diseases. If your soil has any deficiency, then they should be supplemented at the time of soil preparation to earn higher production. So, for improvement of your soil; physically and chemically, application of cow dung manure, about 20 tonnes per hectare is beneficial.
For the first year of planting mango, supply about 50 gm of P2O5, 100 gm of Nitrogen, & 100 gm of K2O. Add up this dose for the following years, one time for one year, up to ten years. After that, supply 500 gm of P2O5, 1 kg of Nitrogen, & 1 kg of K2O to each mango plant. Apply these manure & fertilizers in the month of July to August.
Friends, application of Urea to the base of the mango tree at flowering stage will directly enhance the growth of the mango tree, yielding more amount of fruits. Apply manure & fertilizers for around ten years of planting the mango tree, each & every year after planting. And always try to supply them, particularly.Also, application of 40 kg cow dung manure along with 250 gm of Agozapirillum per each mango plant , is beneficial in enhancing the growth of plants.
Disease & Pest
The mango tree care is one of the key factors, which decide the production & profit of your mango tree farming. So, you have to care your mango farm for preventing the pest & diseases from your mango farm. Let us learn what are these mango diseases .
- Powdery mildew
- Phytophthora fruit rot
- Bacterial black spot
- Mango malformation disease
- Apical bud necrosis
- Bacterial flower disease
- Stem-end rots are some common mango tree diseases that are found in mango farming business.
Presence of these diseases can be easily identified, but please consult your nearest horticulture for more details on the mango disease & their symptoms. Learn mango tree diseases treatment for the effective management of your mango farm.
- Mango shoot caterpillar,
- Fruit-piercing moths,
- Mango stem miner,
- Red-banded thrips,
- Fruit-spotting bug,
- Red-banded mango caterpillar,
- Mango tip borer,
- Mango leafhopper,
- Mango seed weevil,
- Queensland fruit fly,
- Spiralling whitefly, etc are some commonly found pest in mango farming .
Make use of a particular pesticide for controlling certain mango pest.
Intercultural Activities in Mango Farming
Mango tree starts to bear fruit at age of around five to six years. Up to that time, farmers have to wait for the first picking of mango. So, for farmers used to perform intercropping of any vegetable, guava, peach, papaya, legumes, plum, etc to earn extra income. By this, the extra space present in your mango farm will utilize perfectly. Depending on your climatic conditions, you can intercrop any crop in the unused space in your mango farm. But, take care that the Nutrition requirement & need of irrigation of the intercrop is different from the mango cultivation. Prepare your land on the requirement basis.
Other Intercultural Activities
In mango farming, apart from intercropping, there are also some activities which are helpful in increasing the production amount. Here below are Intercultural Operation guide, perform them carefully.
- Train your mango tree, so that your mango tree grows well.
- Pruning mango trees should be done so that mango tree acquires desired shape.
- Crossover branches should be discarded at pointer thickness.
- Diseased & dried branches are to be discarded.
- Mulching & controlling weeds with the help of weedicides is beneficial in enhancing fruit production.
- Also, controlling mango pest & disease is enhance the mango fruit production effectively.
Mango Harvesting is an interesting & important task. However, the mango production is mainly depended on the agroclimatic condition of your mango farming business. If climate supports a well, a good production of mango fruit can be obtained.
In mango cultivation, some types of mango start giving early production & some of the mangoes types used to late fruit bearing. Presently, with the help of various grafting method, it is available to get early production. Usually, grafted mango tree start to bear fruit from the fifth year onwards, while the mango tree grew with the help of seeds used to bear fruit at age of ten years.
Picking mangoes off a tree , it should be carried out on the basis of their maturity. If you want to sell them in the local market, then pick them at their maturity. And if you want to export your production, then pick them just before their maturity. How to ripen green mangoes is not a challenging job. Anyone can perform it.
A good yield in mango farming business can be easily achieved with the help of good farm management skill, proper care & management of your mango farm. Controlling mango pest & disease is also a key factor in deciding the mango fruit production. However, with favorable climatic condition & proper grafting method, it is easy to increase mango production about 100 %. Timely application of suitable manure & fertilizers also enhances the mango fruit production as well.
Avg. around 10 tonnes of mango yield per acre can be easily obtained with the help of proper grafting method & suitable agroclimatic condition, increasing each & every year after the good establishment of your mango farm.