Soybeans is one of the cheapest source of protein and is very essential for nourishment of both adults and children. Soybeans is very easy to grow and does well in most soils in Nigeria. We want to take a look on How to grow Soybeans in the tropical region like Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Ivory Coast, and others but before then, let’s look at the benefit and profit potential in soybeans farming.
A Flourishing Soyabean Farm In Nigeria
Soybeans is a legume that has been in use centuries ago and recently gained entry into the Nigeria and West Africa farming circle. Annually, a good number of the world’s total soybeans production are processed into different types of soybean meal and oil. These meals and oils are very essential for child and adult health alike. It is everywhere in the market and sells in millions.
Benefits Of Soybeans Farming
Apart from human consumption, soybeans is used for the production of nutritious animal feeds of different kinds in the market. Approximately 98 percent of the soybean meal that is crushed is further processed into animal feed with the balance used to make soy flour and proteins. Of the oil fraction, 95 percent is consumed as edible oil; the rest is used for industrial products such as fatty acids, soaps and biodiesel.
Why is soybeans so useful? Soybeans is one of the few plants that provides a complete protein as it contains all eight amino acids essential for human health. Soybeans contains the highest amount of protein that can be found in any legume or grain. Soybeans also contains decent amount of carbohydrates, fat, dietary fiber, minerals, and vitamins. It is equally used for treatment of many chronic diseases.
Soybeans is indeed the powerhouse of goodies and cultivating it means cultivating good food and powerful medication for human and animals. No one who engage in such farming that wouldn’t smile home with wealth.
Soybeans is one of the product you can export and make dollars but unfortunately, Nigeria is not yet exporting this valuable product despite being the highest producer of this crop in Africa. The reason is because we are not yet producing enough. The world market for soya is about $42 billion and Nigeria is currently producing soya worth of $86 million, can you now see the gap.
If a farmer could take it to the next level and begin to farm this product in a very large quantity, he will have enough to export and make foreign currency from the over $40 billion global annual market. Even if you decide to sell locally, there is huge market for it in Nigeria too. Many products in the market are being made with soybeans such as soya milk and soya vegetable oil.
Price of soybeans in Nigeria per metric tonne is about N100,000. If you produce 20 metric tonnes in a season, you will be making N2,000,000. You can produce 20 metric tonnes of soybeans in Nigeria with N700,000. That means in a season you will be making N1.3 million naira from the modest investment of N700,000! So, how do you get started with soybeans farming?
How To Plant Soybeans
Choose the right veriety of soybeans seed for your planting if you wants a good harvest. Selecting only the right seed ensures that you spend less in maintaining and harvest more.
Soybeans does very well in most part of Nigeria. However, the growth of this product is still influenced by soil characteristics and climate conditions. Soybean is believed to performs well in the Middle belt, South East, South South, and South West region of Nigeria where rainfall is more than 700 mm.
But short duration varieties also thrive in the much drier parts of the North when sown early and with an even distribution of rainfall throughout the growing period. Having these in mind, you proceed to choose your farm location.
Clear all vegetation before land preparation. The seedbed may be prepared manually with a hoe or animal-drawn implement or tractor Well-prepared land ensures good germination and reduces weed infestation. You can plant on ridges or on a flat seedbed.