How to grow garlic

Garlic grows well in a wide range of climates. In Nigeria, it is grown in Fadama areas under irrigation during the dry season from November to March when the temperature is low.

It requires rainfall of between 600mm and 1200mm and minimum temperature of 5oC-25oC and maximum temperature of 25oC-40oC. An average of 475kg cloves is required per hectare.

Choosing soil type: Garlic grows best in sandy loam, and should not be grown in clayey/heavy soils or soils with stones. Also, well drained soils are best suited for growing garlic.

It is advisable to put compost or manure to soil before planting your garlic.

Land preparation: plough and harrow to pulverize the soil for ease of making ridges or forming basins for planting and for ease of irrigation.

Planting: Garlic is grown by sowing the cloves. It is imperative that the garlic bulbs chosen are fresh, large – avoid soft cloves.

• Separate cloves from a full garlic bulb without damaging the cloves at their base.
• Soak cloves in clean water for at least six hours and remove outer skins on the cloves, mix in fungicide/insecticide and allow to drain.
• The tip of each clove should point upward, then sow 3cm to 6cm deep into the soil.
• For best growing conditions, garlic cloves should be spaced eight inches (20cm) apart. Post-planting care for your garlic: planted cloves should be covered with mulch.
• Fertilizer should be applied at the rate 45:30:30 NPK per hectare. Phosphorus § and Potassium (K) should be applied at planting while Nitrogen should be applied at three weeks and six weeks after planting. Harvesting and curing: Garlic bulbs are mature for harvest about four to five months after planting or when leaves turn yellow or brown. • Irrigation should stop a month before harvest
• The bulbs should be dug carefully to avoid damage
• They should be braided together and hung to cure for two weeks at 26.7oC

Source: Punch

Thanks for the update, please how about the storing process

I mean how to store garlic after harvest