Ginger farming in Nigeria

Ginger farming in Nigeria is a booming business. Ginger is popular due to its hot and sharp flavor and an oily substance named gingerol. It`s quite popular around the world and has many names “zanjabit” in Arabic, “Jingibre” in Spanish, “Chiang” in Chinese, “Shoga” in Japanese or “luya” in Tagalog. Ginger farming in Nigeria is a popular branch of business as it can provide customers from all around the world.

Ginger farming in Nigeria - Business tips

Ginger top producing countries
Nigeria is not the only ginger producing country. There are many competitors in this market. The golden medal in Ginger producing goes to India, then China and Indonesia. Exporting ginger from Nigeria is risky, but profitable business. You can find ginger buyers in Europe and America.

Why do they buy Ginger?
Ginger farming in Nigeria - Business tips

If you are interested in ginger farming, then you might know that this product can be consumed pickled, powdered, dehydrated or fresh. Ginger is also a good addition to tea. There is even a special sort of tea called “Salabat,” which is popular in Europe due to its nutrient value. Ginger is the main ingredient to dishes, like biscotti, ginger lassi, ginger cakes, clay pot chicken, ginger soup, ginger crunch, ginger ice-cream and so on. French and Italian manufacturers use ginger as a perfumes production ingredient. It adds some spice to general perfume flavor.

You can see a special treatment to Ginger in China. Chinese people believe in harmony in the everything. Therefore, ginger is treated her as Yang of Ying/Yang dualism of food. It represents a hot power, where it should be balanced with a cold meal to create harmony.

Ginger farming in Nigeria - Business tips

Ginger is also known for its medicine purposes. It can help with a healing cough, flu, rheumatoid arthritis, travel sickness and stimulate gastric juice secretion. Ginger helps to lower cholesterol level and blood pressure level. It provides better blood circulation.

Ginger has a special place in Indian traditional medicine. In Indian`s traditional medical discipline – “Ayurveda” – it serves as a preparation to many “ayurvedic” formulations. The healing properties of this product are contained in the volatile oil. This oil provides a combination of resin, mucilage, starch, cineol, citral, felandreno, gingerol, and zingiberene.

Ginger farming in Nigeria READ ALSO: Health benefits of alligator pepper 100 gm of Ginger contains Ascorbic Acid, Iron, Niacin, Riboflavin, Thiamine, Ash, Phosphorus, Protein, Calcium, and Energy.

Ginger production in Nigeria Guide

Types of Ginger
Ginger farming in Nigeria - Business tips

Ginger can be divided into various types according to shape or size, flavor, quality, moisture content, yield. The next types of ginger are taken according to the rhizome characteristics:

  • Chinese or Cantonese. It`s a large, less pungent, less fibrous, yellowish ginger.
  • “Oya” ginger from Jamaica. It`s a medium sized, pale-colored agreeable aroma dehydrated ginger.
  • Hawaiian. It`s a large, less pungent, plum yellowish ginger.
  • Imugan. It`s a medium-sized and pungent ginger.
  • Red Native. It`s a small in size, very pungent ginger.
  • Native. It`s small in size ginger which is the nest for making the ginger tea.

How to make ginger powder?

Another good product to export from Nigeria is Ginger powder. If you want to make some ginger powder at home, then follow these steps:

  • Wash ginger several times until it gets perfectly clean. Do not peel ginger.

  • Chop it into small pieces. The smaller, the better.

  • Sun dry your ginger pieces. This procedure may take four days.

  • Once your ginger is totally dried from liquid – place it into the mixer and grind to a fine powder.

  • Sieve the ginger powder and if there is any remaining of ginger`s whole pieces – transfer it back to the mixer.

  • Sieve one more time and sundry for 30 minutes.

  • Store the powder in air tight containers

Ginger Cultivation tips

Ginger farming in Nigeria

Ginger plants need acidic soil for better and healthy growing. It`s also necessary for rhizome production. Do not forget that ginger requires the soil pH at 5.5 – 6 Level. Do not expect much from the ginger if your soil is above or below these limits. If the pH level is too high – you can lower it with a composted manure. If the pH level is too high – you can increase it with the calcium carbonate mix. Ginger plants also like clean and fertile soil. Do not forget to clean soil from parasites, fungus or pests if you want to get maximum use of ginger.

Quality of soil

Why do you need rich and fertile soil for ginger? Only this type of soil can help ginger with nutrients. Therefore, you wouldn`t need to pay additional money for amendments and fertilizers. If the soil is not the first class quality, then stick to a regular fertilization of ginger plants. Do not forget about the calcium amendment in this case or your ginger plants will suffer tip rot. Do not fertilize ginger before a rainstorm. Rainwater takes away all your fertilizers and supplements from the soil.

Ginger farming in Nigeria

Condition of soil

The optimal condition for ginger plants is well drained and moist soil. The soil mixture must hold moisture. Still, too waterlogged or saturated soil is also problematic for a healthy growth of ginger. Sandy or loamy mixtures are the best for ginger farming. Try to combine one part compost for optimal drainage and one part of sand. Do not forget to add organic matter for fertilization. Do not forget about protection above the ground for ginger. Place your ginger plants in sheltered areas to shield it from soil erosion, rainfalls, and winds.

Ginger farming considerations

Ginger can grow perfectly in the ground, raised beds or containers. Always mulch ginger plants which grow directly in the ground. Mulch is a good way for soil to keep moisture. If you want healthy rhizomes, then try to reduce water on the ground. Still, do not forget that soil should remain moist.

How to export ginger from Nigeria?

Ginger farming in Nigeria - Business tips

Starting a business

Money is not the main thing in starting the business! The most important are knowledge. In the ginger business, you need to work with diligence, honesty, and integrity. Many Nigerian home based export companies make a steady income of N50 000 to N500 000 monthly. Most of them started with no capital investments. The profit from the first transaction can be reinvested into the next consignment of goods.

Collaboration with Nigerians abroad

You are not lonely in this business. Try to reach Nigerians abroad and start your export chain through the compatriots. Nigerians in foreign countries work with foreigners who are not aware of the situation in Nigeria. Therefore, these Nigerians who live abroad can be your middlemen.

Ginger farming in Nigeria - Business tips

Export mentors

What if you are not confident about your abilities in business? If Ginger market in Nigeria and exporting ginger from Nigeria is not your strong side – try to use business mentor counsels. They are not cheap, but you can expect better chances for starting your ginger business.

Export and Value Chain

You should create a value chain for your ginger business. It`s also needed to plan your export beforehand. After that, try to find buyers on the Internet.

You can call directly to companies which are specialized in ginger products. When you get buyers and a contract, you should think about shipment the product to the customers.

If you are inexperienced

The ginger market in Nigeria is booming, but some people are not quite aware of it. If you do not have courage or knowledge to start your ginger business immediately, then try to work with or for somebody who works in this business. A professional businessperson can provide you not only theoretical knowledge on the subject, but also give you real tools to create your business from scratch.

Ginger farming in Nigeria prospects
Ginger farming in Nigeria

Ginger farming involves more and more Nigerians into this agricultural sector. Due to the high fertility of lands and high demands from Europe markets. Therefore, young Nigerians can see it as a good opportunity for business and bright future. It means that you can also become a part of this future!