Beekeeping is the process of raising bees in order to collect honey or any other products like propolis, beeswax, pollen propolis and royal jelly
Are you seeking another source of income? Are you thinking agribusiness in Nigeria?
If yes, Beekeeping or Bee farming may be the right agribusiness to venture into.
In this post, I will be sharing with you about Beekeeping / farming in Nigeria
Now, I guess you must be wondering:
Why Bee keeping?
Beekeeping or apiculture could be a lucrative venture in Nigeria if done and marketed rightly. Those who started bee farming have attested to its high profitability.
Moreover, besides profit, there are additional benefits you enjoy from engaging in bee keeping.
If you are already a farmer, and you are interested in keeping bees, it’s advisable that you site your apiary (location where bees will be kept) in the midst of fruit trees such as mango, citrus, etc.
Placing bee hives in a fruit farm will boost pollination; thereby, multiplying the harvest, as bees are popularly referred to as agents of pollination.
Asides getting honey from bees, numerous products can be extracted from bees which serves as raw materials used by giant companies to produce major products. Products include bees wax, propolis, etc.
Before starting bee keeping in Nigeria, you have to seek knowledge from experts and attend its training.
You might work as an apprentice in a reputable bee farm or go for a practical training
After gaining knowledge, the next step is to draw up an apiary business plan which would serve as your guide on how to start and make profit from your venture.
How Much Is Needed To Start Bee Farming In Nigeria?
Interestingly, with as low as N100,000 or even as high as N5million Naira, you are good to go.
Bee farming is one of those agricultural ventures that can be started with less or more capital. To help reduce cost, it is recommended that you purchase locally made bee equipment like bee hives for beekeeping.
What Kind Of Land Is Required For Bee Keeping In Nigeria?
Unlike other forms of agriculture, owning a land isn’t a necessary requirement for bee keeping. You can lease a land; or alternatively, partner with fruit farmers who have citrus and mango trees in their farmlands. In turn, your bees will help pollinate the fruit trees, and of course, increase the products of the farmers, thereby increasing their revenue stream.
What Quantity Of Honey Can Be Gotten From A Bee Hive?
As a farmer, you should expect to get up to 10-15 litres of honey per hive.
1). Get Bee farming Training
2) Get Bee Farming Business Plan:
The first and most important step when starting bee farming in Nigeria is getting trained and creating a business plan.
Just like no general goes to war without knowing the art of war himself; unless of course, he wants to fail, the same applies to bee keeping.
You can call us if you need a beekeeping training or consultancy services
Creating a business plan will help you achieve success where others without a business plan fail.
Moreover, you need to get the required training from bee keeping experts before you venture into the business.
While online guides and YouTube videos might give you a head start, nothing beats a hands-on training you will get at a reputable bee farm.
You will need to learn how to keep bees, where to site them, and how to protect yourself from them. Therefore, after acquiring the training should you write a business plan.
While writing the plan, you need to know how much capital would be required for the business and then calculate how much profit would be earned from the business, plus, how to generate the required capital.
Additionally, your beekeeping marketing strategies should also be spelt out win your business plan. Without advertising, there’s little or no chance of making profit.
3). Get Capital,
4) Get Equipment & Location
After acquiring knowledge and creating a business plan, the next step is getting the required capital, location and equipment for your bee keeping business.
As mentioned earlier, you can either lease a land, or partner with farmers who have fruit trees in their farm lands.
Your apiary must be in best conditions so can you can have a good return on investment. One major tip for locating your apiary is: never site your apiary in a noisy or crowded place.
And steer clear of swampy areas or places where insecticides are applied. After securing a suitable location, the next step is to choose the types of bees you want to keep and buy the necessary equipment (preferably new ones).
During your training, you will learn about the types of bee species and their yield rates. Bee species include the honey bee, bumble bee, mason bee, solitary bee, etc.
Equipment you need to start your bee farm in Nigeria include :
Bee hives, bee suits, smokers, buckets, jungle boots, wheelbarrows, basins, honey extractor, packaging machine, weighing scales, rubber plastics of various sizes, nylons for packaging, sealing machine ,and a stand-by generator (optional).
After securing the equipment, set the apiary in a place where the bees can easily find food and water, as this determines the success of your business
5). Know Your Business:
Bee farming is more of a seasonal farming; therefore, it’s very important that it is properly managed.
While farming bees, it’s important that you know the right time to begin a colony so that you don’t get a wrong produce from your bee farm. For example, if you start your colony too early, your bees might not get enough food, while starting too late will make your bees produce less honey because they will certainly miss out on major push of nectar.
Also, good source of water, sugar and sufficient space for feeders are all essential to the growth of a bee farm. Taking care of bees is a bit complicated; therefore, it is important that you stick strictly to the training you were given.
Do not try out much new things at a time and don’t use your investment as a trial and error. It’s better to become a pro at it by doing thing gradually, before taking much risks. Also ensure that your bees get medication.
6).Beekeeping Marketing in Nigeria
There’s no business in Nigeria , and over the world that makes money without advertising its products or services. Bee keeping is no different. How do you make profit from your capital? Let people know who you are and what you can offer them.
Moreover, if you produce quality honey, you will have customers and bigwigs like pharmacies and industrial companies lining to purchase honey from you. A pro tip is to be a reliability rock star- let your clients know you can supply honey to them within a short period of time.
Other forms of marketing include:
- Word of mouth from satisfied customers
- Making souvenirs with your brand printed on items like notebooks, face caps, shirts, pens, hand bands, etc.
- Magazine publications
- Online marketing via website or blog; social media marketing via Facebook, Pinterest, Instagram, Google Ads, etc
- Providing free seminars
- Making handbills, etc.
7) Be business minded .
Don’t call it “bee farming”. Call it “bee business”